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CSV vs Excel

Both Excel and CSV are useful for storing data in a tabular format. Apart from this similarity, there are significant differences in the capabilities and applications of Excel and CSV.

What is a CSV file, exactly?

The acronym CSV stands for Comma-Separated Values. It stores plain text in a sequence of lines like a data sequence (cells) separated by commas (,). (rows). A text processor can accept and interpret a CSV file. Numerous apps can read CSV files, and many languages include built-in features that make viewing and editing CSV files easier. Experts utilize the bulk of these files for data analysis or visualization. A CSV file, in other terms, is a CSV file is a basic plain text file that organizes tabular data using a specified format. A CSV file’s conventional structure is determined by rows and columns of information, with a newline terminating each row and a comma separating each column inside each row.

What is Excel?

Microsoft Excel comes as part of the Microsoft Office suite and is commonly used to make tables and grids of figures and formulae that describe computations, inventory tracking, bookkeeping, and other tasks. The data is shown horizontally and vertically in rows using Microsoft Excel. In most cases, data is kept in cells. In Excel, we have the possibility of using formulae to manipulate data and its storage location. You may also add graphs, pictures, and other elements to make it more appealing.


The following are the major distinctions between CSV and Excel: – CSV stands for comma-separated value, while MS Excel stands for Microsoft Excel. The CSV file extension is “.csv,” while the Excel file extension is “.xls or.xlsx.” You must save the data in a CSV file in plain text format; One cannot save image-related data (JPEG, PNG, JPG, and so on). Even though Excel is a binary format, one may simply store any image-related info in it. Because CSV is a raw text file, it is a widely used format with no standards or organization. On the other hand, Excel is highly standardized and organized to meet the needs of today’s business environment. One may open CSV files in any text editor, including notepad and Microsoft Excel, but One can only open Excel files in Microsoft Excel or Google Sheets. A CSV file is a plain text file that stores all data by utilizing a comma as a separator between two data units; therefore, you cannot save charts in this style. On the other hand, Excel stores data in binary format and can capture all graph data. Outside resources cannot be connected straight to CSV files. On the other hand, Excel files may readily merge with other sources, and external sources might also be intimately correlated to the data extraction. Excel allows for comprehensive and systematic data analysis and processing; however, the CSV format does not allow for this because you cannot connect data in this form to other data. CSV files are simple to keep since their sizes are constantly smaller; however, Excel files with a large database are difficult to store and manage because they are more likely to be damaged or malfunction. Experts utilize CSV files for data analysis and visualizations, while laypeople and pros use Excel depending on their needs and job aims.

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